The difference between intentional torts and criminal actions is very important. A tort action of any kind, intentional or unintentional, can only result in a civil action.
The result of a civil action can only be the exchange of money or property, where one party is ordered to pay another party, for example, a certain amount of money (or damages). Tort lawsuits occur between two or more private citizens of the state.
The state itself is not a party to civil actions by default, and is only a part of civil actions where the state is suing or is being sued by a private citizen. Further, the burden of proof in civil matter and civil trials is usually a balance of probabilities.
In other words, the plaintiff must show, for example, that the intentional conduct of the defendant is more likely than not to have caused the injuries in question. Criminal behavior or criminal actions or crimes are very different from torts
One important point to keep in mind is that criminal proceedings are always brought by the state (that government) against a party who has been accused of violating the criminal code of Canada. Criminal cases have nothing to do with monetary damages.
Criminal cases are mainly about protecting the public from criminal offenders and punishing wrongdoing. The result of a criminal trial will not be an order to pay monetary damages but some other kind of punishment including possible jail time or community service hours.
The burden of proof in criminal trial is beyond a reasonable doubt. This means that the Crown (or prosecution) must show that there is no reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the accused, not simply that the accused is more likely to be guilty than not.
Battery is a good example. Someone may be accused of battery by the state and tried.
Here the prosecution must prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt. If they can do so, the guilty party is likely to be incarcerated for a period of time depending on the severity of the battery among many other factors.
Regardless of whether the state succeeds in this criminal action or not, the party being accused of batter could also be subject to civil litigation.
The injured party may chose to sue that person in civil court to attempt to collect monetary damages from the culpable party.